Matthias Schulze is an associate in the security division of Stiftung Wissenschaft & Politik, the German Institute for International and Security Affairs. He is a cyber-security policy expert advising the German federal government and the Bundestag on cyber-conflict dynamics, encryption, state-hacking and vulnerability disclosure. Prior to this position, he was a researcher and doctoral candidate at the international relations department at Friedrich-Schiller University in Jena, Germany. He defended his doctoral thesis "From Cyber-Utopia to Cyber-War" in August 2017 with magna cum laude. During his studies, he received a scholarship from the German Academic Exchange Service for a research visit to the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto. He holds a master’s degree in political science, sociology and philosophy and studied abroad at Dalarna University, Sweden.